Mitigation hierarchy is a concept developed to allow infrastructure projects with potential to damage environmentally sensitive areas to plan and implement measures to avoid, minimize, mitigate or offset impacto.

  1. Avoid: This measure is based on the prevention of impacts so they do not occur or do not negatively affect environmentally sensitive areas.

  2. Minimize: This measure intends to reduce duration, intensity, and extension of impacto.

  3. Restore: This measure is focused on bringing back affected areas to their initial conditions.

  4. Offset: When previous mitigation actions have been effectively implemented, the residual impact could be managed through an offset measure.

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