Mitigation hierarchy is a concept developed to allow infrastructure projects with potential to damage environmentally sensitive areas to plan and implement measures to avoid, minimize, mitigate or offset impacto.
- Avoid: This measure is based on the prevention of impacts so they do not occur or do not negatively affect environmentally sensitive areas.
- Minimize: This measure intends to reduce duration, intensity, and extension of impacto.
- Restore: This measure is focused on bringing back affected areas to their initial conditions.
- Offset: When previous mitigation actions have been effectively implemented, the residual impact could be managed through an offset measure.
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